Your growing child needs vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D and calcium to build strong bones. Pasteurized whole milk and soy beverages that have been fortified with vitamin D are good sources of vitamin D and calcium. Most cow`s milk sold in the United States is fortified with vitamin D. Children who drink from a bottle for too long are more likely to develop tooth decay. It`s common in toddlers who suckle or fall asleep with bottles of milk, alcohol or juice, so it`s best to offer your toddler water or whole milk to drink. Semi-skimmed milk can be imported from the age of 2. If your child doesn`t like drinking milk, other dairy products high in protein and calcium can replace cow`s milk in a healthy diet. These may include yogurt, cheese, cottage cheese and soy milk. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1 cup of the dairy group is equivalent to 1 cup of cow`s milk, 1 cup of soy milk, 1 cup of yogurt, 2 cups of cottage cheese, 2 ounces of processed cheese, or 1.5 ounces of hard cheeses like cheddar. Some children don`t like milk or can`t drink or eat dairy products.
Discover other sources of calcium such as calcium-fortified soy beverages, calcium-fortified juices, fortified breads and cereals, boiled dried beans, and dark green vegetables such as broccoli, bok choy, and kale. Semi-skimmed milk can be introduced as early as 2 years old, provided your child eats well and grows well for their age. Drinking too much milk can cause an imbalance in three ways: first, it is high in energy (calories); secondly, it contains a lot of calcium; and third, it contains little fiber. Infants under two years of age should have whole milk. After two years, children can drink whole or reduced-fat milk with the rest of the family. Breast milk is the only food or drink babies need during the first 6 months of life. It is best to continue breastfeeding alongside an increasingly varied diet as soon as you introduce solid foods. So what is an adequate amount of milk for children? Cow`s milk is low in iron.
Drinking plenty of cow`s milk can also put a toddler at risk of iron deficiency. Toddlers who drink a lot of cow`s milk may feel less hungry and eat less iron-rich foods. Milk decreases iron absorption and can also irritate the intestinal lining, causing small bleeding and gradual loss of iron in the stool (poop). A toddler who eats from all food groups does not need to drink toddler milk. While breast milk and infant formula provide the appropriate amount of nutrition for an infant, cow`s milk (or milk substitutes) do not provide enough nutrients needed for a toddler`s body to grow. The problem with drinking large amounts of milk is that it fills a small person`s stomach (which is about the size of their fist) and tells their brain that it`s full. Most children are very adept at listening for their hunger signals, so once they fill up with the non-aquatic liquid they drink, they will refuse to eat or eat very little at mealtimes. The amounts shown are based on the MyPlate food guide for average children aged 2 and 3.
For children between 12 and 24 months, the recommendations for 2-year-olds can be used as a guide. But this year, young children`s diets are still in transition. Younger toddlers may not eat as much, at least initially. Talk to your doctor about any details for your child. Milk for toddlers. Toddler milk, often marketed by infant formula manufacturers as “transitional milk” for weaning from breast milk or infant formula, is unnecessary and potentially harmful to young children. These products contain added sugar and can fill a baby`s stomach, so they don`t feel hungry for healthier foods. For infants over 12 months of age, they recommend limiting cow`s milk intake to no more than 500 ml (2 cups) in 24 hours. Water should be the main drink from 12 months. Choose milk or milk alternatives that are not flavoured or sweetened. Flavoured cow`s milk and fortified soy beverages may contain added sugar.
Your child doesn`t need added sugar. As long as your child eats well and doesn`t have a problem with constipation, anemia, or excessive weight gain, as mentioned above, it`s healthy for them to drink milk (up to the recommended maximum of 20 ounces) if that`s what they like. Vegetable “milk”. For some children, a milk allergy or intolerance can make it difficult to consume cow`s milk. But keep in mind that most plant-based milks are not nutritionally equivalent to cow`s milk and may lack important nutrients like protein, vitamin D, and calcium. Unlike soy milk, plant-based milk is not recommended for children to drink instead of milk. Soy milk is nutritionally equivalent to cow`s milk and is an acceptable alternative. If your child drinks this amount of milk and consumes other calcium-rich foods (such as cheese or yogurt), they may exceed their calcium needs. The U.S. Department of Agriculture recommends that children 9 years of age and older and adults consume at least 3 cups of the type of milk per day.
Active teens with a high calorie requirement of 3,000 calories or more may need 4 cups of the milk type per day. However, if you are concerned that your child is drinking too much milk or are at risk for any of the above problems, there are steps you can take to reduce your toddler`s milk intake.